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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

The Prevalence of Uncorrected Refractive Errors in Adolescents Incarcerated in a Youth Detention Center

AUTHOR:

Roger P. Harrie and Paul Christopher Harrie

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2016

PUBLICATION:

Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the number of residents requiring corrective lenses in a youth detention center for juveniles from 12 to 18 years old over a 2-year period.

  • A greater number of adolescents incarcerated for criminal activity in a detention center had uncorrected refractive errors (34.87 %) as compared to a comparable population in the public school system (22 %).

  • The prevalence of significant refractive errors among incarcerated adolescents in this study is significantly higher than has been reported previously.

  • The current study found a refractive error rate of almost 35 %.

  • This difference can be explained by a number of factors in their social environments and identifies an area for potential intervention to reduce antisocial behavior in this population.