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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Uncorrected Hyperopia and Preschool Early Literacy

AUTHOR:

Marjean Taylor Kulp, Elise Ciner, Maureen Maguire, Bruce Moore, Jill Pentimonti, Maxwell Pistilli, Lynn Cyert, T. Rowan Candy, Graham Quinn and Gui-shuang Ying

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

American Academy of Ophthalmology

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2016

PUBLICATION:

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to compare early literacy of uncorrected hyperopic with emmetropic four- and five-year-old children.

  • The sample consisted of preschool or kindergarten children who had not previously worn refractive correction.

  • The shortfalls in visuocognitive and visuomotor ability in hyperopic children is linked to a neural processing deficit in hyperopia.

  • Hyperopic children have deficits in early literacy and essential skills are associated with future problems learning to read and write