Uncorrected Refractive Error and Associated Factors Among Primary School Children in Debre Markos District, Northwest Ethiopia
Sintayehu Aweke Sewunet , Kassahun Ketema Aredo and Molla Gedefew
College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University
The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of uncorrected refractive error and its associated factors among school children in Debre Markos District, Ethiopia.
Four hundred thirty two students were randomly selected using a multistage stratified sampling technique.
Students with visual acuity less than 6/12 had undergone further examination using auto refractor and cross-checked using spherical and cylindrical lenses.
Out of 432 students selected for the study, 420 (97.2%) were in the age group 7–15 years. Overall prevalence of refractive error was 43 (10.2%).
Myopia was found among the most dominant 5.47% followed by astigmatism 1.9% and hyperopia 1.4% in both sexes.
Female sex, higher grade level, and using computers regularly were significantly associated with refractive error.
The burden of uncorrected refractive errors is high among primary schools children. Myopia was common in both sexes.
The potential risk factors were sex, regular use of computers and higher grade level of students.
Hence, school health programs should work on health information dissemination and eye health care services provision.