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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Vision Screening in Children Entering School: Eskisehir, Turkey

AUTHOR:

Huseyin Gursoy, Hikmet Basmak, Yetkin Yaz & Ertugrul Colak

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2013

PUBLICATION:

Ophthalmic Epidemiology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this paper is to report vision screening results among school children in Eskisehir, Turkey.

  • Vision screening was performed in 709 school children ages children 7- to 8-year-old

  • The prevalence rates of myopia, hypermetropia, and astigmatism were 22.6%, 10.6%, and 11.0%, respectively.

  • Overall, 145 children (20.4%) needed spectacles, but only 65 of these were wearing them.

  • The prevalence of children who required spectacles for myopia ≤−3.00 D and spectacles for hypermetropia ≥3.00 D were 0.8% and 1.0%, respectively.

  • The prevalence of BCVA ≤ 0.8 Snellen was 56/709 (7.9%). In 39/709 (5.5%) of children, amblyopia was present; strabismus (14/56), isometropia (14/56), and anisometropia (11/56) were the etiologies.

  • Strabismus was diagnosed in 18 children (2.5%). Anisometropia, strabismus, hypermetropia, and astigmatism were associated with BCVA ≤ 0.8 Snellen (odds ratio, OR, 6.32, 39.18, 5.47, 5.17, respectively; p = 0.0001 for all ORs).

  • Myopia and amblyopia rates in Eskisehir were high among school children.

  • The need for a national large-scale vision screening program for children that includes diverse regions of Turkey is apparent.