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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Visual Impairment, Uncorrected Refractive Error, and Objectively Measured Balance in the United States

AUTHOR:

Willis, J.R., Vitale, S.E., Agrawal, Y. and Ramulu, P.Y.

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2013

PUBLICATION:

JAMA Ophthalmology

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this study was to compare balance measures in individuals with normal vision, visual impairment, and uncorrected refractive error.

  • This was a cross-sectional study conducted with a total of 4590 adults aged 40 years or older.

  • Self-reported falling difficulties were significantly more common among those having VI compared with those having normal vision (15.6%vs 3.9%, P < .01).

  • Participants with URE had more difficulty with falling than participants with normal vision.

  • VI-associated vision loss and URE associated vision loss are both associated with poor vestibular balance.