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RESEARCH STUDY

RESEARCH

Visual Standards: Vision Requirements for Driving Safety- with Emphasis on Individual Assessment

AUTHOR:

August Colenbrander, MD, Prof. Dr. Jean-Jacques De Laey, MD

SPONSOR/INSTITUTION:

International Council of Ophthalmology

YEAR PUBLISHED:

2006

PUBLICATION:

International Council of Ophthalmology for 30th World Ophthalmology Congress

KEY HIGHLIGHTS:

  • The purpose of this report is aimed at providing a set of considerations for use by any group contemplating the development or refinement of driving license requirements.

  • It examines the relationship between visual functions and functional vision which is considered complex and can be influenced by many factors.

  • Visual assessment for driving is thus a major health issue and the ICO report examines how it could contribute towards global harmonization in this important area.

  • Requirements for professional and commercial drivers are not considered in this report.

  • The report surveyed several member countries on the criteria for driving license requirements. It also includes driving license requirements and legislation variations by state in the USA.

  • The ICO makes important recommendations for additional test of functional vision  rather than visual acuity alone, tests for contrast sensitivity, visual field, deficits in attention and night vision, among others.