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A CURATION
OF GLOBAL EVIDENCE

RESEARCH

Studies and reports focused on the impact of uncorrected vision

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The Impact of Hyperopia on Academic Performance Among Children: A Systematic Review

2022

To assess the impact of uncorrected hyperopia and hyperopic spectacle correction on children's academic performance.

Advancing the Sustainable Development Goals through improving eye health: a scoping review

2022

This study provides a comprehensive perspective on the direct links between eye health services and advancing the SDGs.

Grand Challenges in Global Eye Health: a global Prioritisation Process Using Delphi Method

2022

The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust, Moorfields Eye Charity, National Institute for Health Research Moorfields Biomedical Research Centre, Wellcome Trust, Sightsavers, The Fred Hollows Foundation, The Seva Foundation, British Council for the Prevention of Blindness, and Christian Blind Mission.

This paper identifies the key issues that must be addressed to improve eye health in the context of an ageing population, to eliminate persistent inequities in health-care access, and to mitigate widespread resource limitations.

Visual Impairment and Risk of Self-Reported Road Traffic Crashes Among Bus Drivers in Bangladesh

2022

This study assesses the prevalence and the causes of visual impairment among bus drivers undergoing screening in Bangladesh and associations with self-reported crashes.

Prevalence of myopia among urban and suburban school children in Tamil Nadu, South India: findings from the Sankara Nethralaya Tamil Nadu Essilor Myopia (STEM) Study

2022

Essilor International, Singapore

To report the baseline prevalence of myopia among school children in Tamil Nadu, South India from a prospective cohort study.

Obesity and High Myopia in Children and Adolescents: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

2022

National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT)

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of obesity on the prevalence of myopia in Korean children and adolescents.

Myopia is Progressing Faster than its Management Options

2022

The article discusses myopia as a global public health and socioeconomic crisis and how it is progressing faster than its management options.

Factors Associated with the Spectacle Wear Compliance among Primary School Students with Refractive Error in Rural China

2022

The article studies the factors determining spectacle-wear compliance and reasons for non-wear among students in rural China.

The Myopia White Paper

2022

Myopia Task Force

This document proposes precise recommendations for the various stakeholders in the school education to follow towards myopia control.

IMI - Risk Factors for Myopia

2021

International Myopia Institute supported by donations from Brien Holden Vision Institute, Carl Zeiss Vision, CooperVision, Essilor, and Alcon

Risk factor analysis provides an important basis for developing interventions for any condition. In the case of myopia, evidence for a large number of risk factors has been presented, but they have not been systematically tested for confounding.

Prevalence of Visual Impairment in School-Age Children: Data Analysis from PlanVue® Pilot Project

2021

The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence of visual disorders among school-aged children in prioritized education zones in France.

Update and Guidance on Management of Myopia. European Society of Ophthalmology in Cooperation with International Myopia Institute

2021

International Myopia Institute

Myopia is recognized as a significant global public health issue, expected to affect an increasing number of people in the next decades. the main aim of this article is to increase awareness and to provide recommendations for European ophthalmologists to prevent the development and progression of myopia in children and adolescents.

Progression of Myopia in School-Aged Children After COVID-19 Home Confinement

2021

Tianjin Municipal Science and Technology Commission and m Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital High-Level Innovative Talent Program for Distinguished Scholar

Time spent in outdoor activities has decreased owing to home confinement for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Concerns have been raised about whether home confinement may have worsened the burden of myopia owing to substantially decreased time spent outdoors and increased screen time at home.

The Lancet Global Health Commission on Global Eye Health: Vision Beyond 2020

2021

The Lancet Global Health Commission

The report was created through a broad consultation involving experts within and outside the eye care sector to help inform governments and other stakeholders about the path forward for eye health beyond 2020, to further the SDGs (including universal health coverage), and work towards a world without avoidable vision loss.

IMI - Impact of Myopia

2021

International Myopia Institute supported by donations from Brien Holden Vision Institute, Carl Zeiss Vision, CooperVision, Essilor, and Alcon

The global burden of myopia is growing. Myopia affected nearly 30% of the world population in 2020 and this number is expected to rise to 50% by 2050.

IMI - Prevention of Myopia and Its Progression

2021

International Myopia Institute supported by donations from Brien Holden Vision Institute, Carl Zeiss Vision, CooperVision, Essilor, and Alcon

The prevalence of myopia has markedly increased in East and Southeast Asia, and pathologic consequences of myopia, including myopic maculopathy and high myopia-associated optic neuropathy, are now some of the most common causes of irreversible blindness.

IMI - 2021 Yearly Digest

2021

International Myopia Institute supported by donations from Brien Holden Vision Institute, Carl Zeiss Vision, CooperVision, Essilor, and Alcon

The International Myopia Institute (IMI) Yearly Digest highlights new research considered to be of importance since the publication of the first series of IMI white papers.

Causes of Blindness and Vision Impairment in 2020 and Trends Over 30 Years, and Prevalence of Avoidable Blindness in Relation to VISION 2020: The Right to Sight: An Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study

2021

Brien Holden Vision Institute, Fondation Théa, The Fred Hollows Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Lions Clubs International Foundation, Sightsavers International, and University of Heidelberg

The study estimated the prevalence and relative contribution of avoidable causes of blindness and vision impairment globally from 1990 to 2020. It aimed to compare the results with the World Health Assembly Global Action Plan (WHA GAP) target of a 25% global reduction from 2010 to 2019 in avoidable vision impairment, defined as cataract and undercorrected refractive error.

Health Systems Strengthening for Vision Care in The Gambia

2021

According to global estimates, 39 million people are blind and 285 million are at risk of severe vision loss, with a significant portion of this burden in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some African nations like The Gambia are beginning to tackle vision impairment by addressing the problem through a health system lens.

A Global Assessment of Eye Health and Quality of Life: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews

2021

National Institutes of Health, Wellcome Trust, Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust, Moorfields Eye Charity, National Institute of Health Research Moorfields Biomedical Research Centre, Sightsavers, Fred Hollows Foundation, SEVA Foundation, British Council for the Prevention of Blindness, and Christian Blind Mission.

More than 1 billion people worldwide have vision impairment or blindness from potentially preventable or correctable causes. Quality of life, an important measure of physical, emotional, and social well-being, appears to be negatively associated with vision impairment, and increasingly, ophthalmic interventions are being assessed for their association with quality of life.

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